org.springframework.core.io.support

Class PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

  • java.lang.Object
    • org.springframework.core.io.support.PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver
  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    ResourceLoader, ResourcePatternResolver

    public class PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver
    extends Object
    implements ResourcePatternResolver
    A ResourcePatternResolver implementation that is able to resolve a specified resource location path into one or more matching Resources. The source path may be a simple path which has a one-to-one mapping to a target Resource, or alternatively may contain the special " classpath*:" prefix and/or internal Ant-style regular expressions (matched using Spring's AntPathMatcher utility). Both of the latter are effectively wildcards.

    No Wildcards:

    In the simple case, if the specified location path does not start with the "classpath*:" prefix, and does not contain a PathMatcher pattern, this resolver will simply return a single resource via a getResource() call on the underlying ResourceLoader. Examples are real URLs such as "file:C:/context.xml", pseudo-URLs such as "classpath:/context.xml", and simple unprefixed paths such as "/WEB-INF/context.xml". The latter will resolve in a fashion specific to the underlying ResourceLoader (e.g. ServletContextResource for a WebApplicationContext).

    Ant-style Patterns:

    When the path location contains an Ant-style pattern, e.g.:

     /WEB-INF/*-context.xml
     com/mycompany/**/applicationContext.xml
     file:C:/some/path/*-context.xml
     classpath:com/mycompany/**/applicationContext.xml
    the resolver follows a more complex but defined procedure to try to resolve the wildcard. It produces a Resource for the path up to the last non-wildcard segment and obtains a URL from it. If this URL is not a " jar:" URL or container-specific variant (e.g. " zip:" in WebLogic, " wsjar" in WebSphere", etc.), then a java.io.File is obtained from it, and used to resolve the wildcard by walking the filesystem. In the case of a jar URL, the resolver either gets a java.net.JarURLConnection from it, or manually parses the jar URL, and then traverses the contents of the jar file, to resolve the wildcards.

    Implications on portability:

    If the specified path is already a file URL (either explicitly, or implicitly because the base ResourceLoader is a filesystem one, then wildcarding is guaranteed to work in a completely portable fashion.

    If the specified path is a classpath location, then the resolver must obtain the last non-wildcard path segment URL via a Classloader.getResource() call. Since this is just a node of the path (not the file at the end) it is actually undefined (in the ClassLoader Javadocs) exactly what sort of a URL is returned in this case. In practice, it is usually a java.io.File representing the directory, where the classpath resource resolves to a filesystem location, or a jar URL of some sort, where the classpath resource resolves to a jar location. Still, there is a portability concern on this operation.

    If a jar URL is obtained for the last non-wildcard segment, the resolver must be able to get a java.net.JarURLConnection from it, or manually parse the jar URL, to be able to walk the contents of the jar, and resolve the wildcard. This will work in most environments, but will fail in others, and it is strongly recommended that the wildcard resolution of resources coming from jars be thoroughly tested in your specific environment before you rely on it.

    classpath*: Prefix:

    There is special support for retrieving multiple class path resources with the same name, via the "classpath*:" prefix. For example, "classpath*:META-INF/beans.xml" will find all "beans.xml" files in the class path, be it in "classes" directories or in JAR files. This is particularly useful for autodetecting config files of the same name at the same location within each jar file. Internally, this happens via a ClassLoader.getResources() call, and is completely portable.

    The "classpath*:" prefix can also be combined with a PathMatcher pattern in the rest of the location path, for example "classpath*:META-INF/*-beans.xml". In this case, the resolution strategy is fairly simple: a ClassLoader.getResources() call is used on the last non-wildcard path segment to get all the matching resources in the class loader hierarchy, and then off each resource the same PathMatcher resolution strategy described above is used for the wildcard subpath.

    Other notes:

    WARNING: Note that "classpath*:" when combined with Ant-style patterns will only work reliably with at least one root directory before the pattern starts, unless the actual target files reside in the file system. This means that a pattern like "classpath*:*.xml" will not retrieve files from the root of jar files but rather only from the root of expanded directories. This originates from a limitation in the JDK's ClassLoader.getResources() method which only returns file system locations for a passed-in empty String (indicating potential roots to search).

    WARNING: Ant-style patterns with "classpath:" resources are not guaranteed to find matching resources if the root package to search is available in multiple class path locations. This is because a resource such as

         com/mycompany/package1/service-context.xml
     
    may be in only one location, but when a path such as
         classpath:com/mycompany/**/service-context.xml
     
    is used to try to resolve it, the resolver will work off the (first) URL returned by getResource("com/mycompany");. If this base package node exists in multiple classloader locations, the actual end resource may not be underneath. Therefore, preferably, use " classpath*:" with the same Ant-style pattern in such a case, which will search all class path locations that contain the root package.
    Since:
    1.0.2
    Author:
    Juergen Hoeller, Colin Sampaleanu, Marius Bogoevici, Costin Leau
    See Also:
    ResourcePatternResolver.CLASSPATH_ALL_URL_PREFIX, AntPathMatcher, ResourceLoader.getResource(String), ClassLoader.getResources(String)
    • Constructor Detail

      • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

        public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver()
        Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver with a DefaultResourceLoader.

        ClassLoader access will happen via the thread context class loader.

        See Also:
        DefaultResourceLoader
      • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

        public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver(ResourceLoader resourceLoader)
        Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver.

        ClassLoader access will happen via the thread context class loader.

        Parameters:
        resourceLoader - the ResourceLoader to load root directories and actual resources with
      • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

        public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver(ClassLoader classLoader)
        Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver with a DefaultResourceLoader.
        Parameters:
        classLoader - the ClassLoader to load classpath resources with, or null for using the thread context class loader at the time of actual resource access
        See Also:
        DefaultResourceLoader
    • Method Detail

      • getResourceLoader

        public ResourceLoader getResourceLoader()
        Return the ResourceLoader that this pattern resolver works with.
      • getClassLoader

        public ClassLoader getClassLoader()
        Description copied from interface: ResourceLoader
        Expose the ClassLoader used by this ResourceLoader.

        Clients which need to access the ClassLoader directly can do so in a uniform manner with the ResourceLoader, rather than relying on the thread context ClassLoader.

        Specified by:
        getClassLoader in interface  ResourceLoader
        Returns:
        the ClassLoader (only null if even the system ClassLoader isn't accessible)
        See Also:
        ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader()
      • setPathMatcher

        public void setPathMatcher(PathMatcher pathMatcher)
        Set the PathMatcher implementation to use for this resource pattern resolver. Default is AntPathMatcher.
        See Also:
        AntPathMatcher
      • getPathMatcher

        public PathMatcher getPathMatcher()
        Return the PathMatcher that this resource pattern resolver uses.
      • getResources

        public Resource[] getResources(String locationPattern)
                                throws IOException
        Description copied from interface: ResourcePatternResolver
        Resolve the given location pattern into Resource objects.

        Overlapping resource entries that point to the same physical resource should be avoided, as far as possible. The result should have set semantics.

        Specified by:
        getResources in interface  ResourcePatternResolver
        Parameters:
        locationPattern - the location pattern to resolve
        Returns:
        the corresponding Resource objects
        Throws:
        IOException - in case of I/O errors
      • convertClassLoaderURL

        protected Resource convertClassLoaderURL(URL url)
        Convert the given URL as returned from the ClassLoader into a Resource object.

        The default implementation simply creates a UrlResource instance.

        Parameters:
        url - a URL as returned from the ClassLoader
        Returns:
        the corresponding Resource object
        See Also:
        ClassLoader.getResources(java.lang.String), Resource
      • determineRootDir

        protected String determineRootDir(String location)
        Determine the root directory for the given location.

        Used for determining the starting point for file matching, resolving the root directory location to a java.io.File and passing it into retrieveMatchingFiles, with the remainder of the location as pattern.

        Will return "/WEB-INF/" for the pattern "/WEB-INF/*.xml", for example.

        Parameters:
        location - the location to check
        Returns:
        the part of the location that denotes the root directory
        See Also:
        retrieveMatchingFiles(java.io.File, java.lang.String)
      • resolveRootDirResource

        protected Resource resolveRootDirResource(Resource original)
                                           throws IOException
        Resolve the specified resource for path matching.

        The default implementation detects an Equinox OSGi "bundleresource:" / "bundleentry:" URL and resolves it into a standard jar file URL that can be traversed using Spring's standard jar file traversal algorithm.

        Parameters:
        original - the resource to resolve
        Returns:
        the resolved resource (may be identical to the passed-in resource)
        Throws:
        IOException - in case of resolution failure
      • doFindPathMatchingJarResources

        protected Set<Resource> doFindPathMatchingJarResources(Resource rootDirResource,
                                                   String subPattern)
                                                        throws IOException
        Find all resources in jar files that match the given location pattern via the Ant-style PathMatcher.
        Parameters:
        rootDirResource - the root directory as Resource
        subPattern - the sub pattern to match (below the root directory)
        Returns:
        the Set of matching Resource instances
        Throws:
        IOException - in case of I/O errors
        See Also:
        JarURLConnection, PathMatcher
      • doFindPathMatchingFileResources

        protected Set<Resource> doFindPathMatchingFileResources(Resource rootDirResource,
                                                    String subPattern)
                                                         throws IOException
        Find all resources in the file system that match the given location pattern via the Ant-style PathMatcher.
        Parameters:
        rootDirResource - the root directory as Resource
        subPattern - the sub pattern to match (below the root directory)
        Returns:
        the Set of matching Resource instances
        Throws:
        IOException - in case of I/O errors
        See Also:
        retrieveMatchingFiles(java.io.File, java.lang.String), PathMatcher
      • doFindMatchingFileSystemResources

        protected Set<Resource> doFindMatchingFileSystemResources(File rootDir,
                                                      String subPattern)
                                                           throws IOException
        Find all resources in the file system that match the given location pattern via the Ant-style PathMatcher.
        Parameters:
        rootDir - the root directory in the file system
        subPattern - the sub pattern to match (below the root directory)
        Returns:
        the Set of matching Resource instances
        Throws:
        IOException - in case of I/O errors
        See Also:
        retrieveMatchingFiles(java.io.File, java.lang.String), PathMatcher
      • retrieveMatchingFiles

        protected Set<File> retrieveMatchingFiles(File rootDir,
                                      String pattern)
                                           throws IOException
        Retrieve files that match the given path pattern, checking the given directory and its subdirectories.
        Parameters:
        rootDir - the directory to start from
        pattern - the pattern to match against, relative to the root directory
        Returns:
        the Set of matching File instances
        Throws:
        IOException - if directory contents could not be retrieved
      • doRetrieveMatchingFiles

        protected void doRetrieveMatchingFiles(String fullPattern,
                                   File dir,
                                   Set<File> result)
                                        throws IOException
        Recursively retrieve files that match the given pattern, adding them to the given result list.
        Parameters:
        fullPattern - the pattern to match against, with prepended root directory path
        dir - the current directory
        result - the Set of matching File instances to add to
        Throws:
        IOException - if directory contents could not be retrieved