org.apache.commons.io.output

Class DeferredFileOutputStream

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Closeable, Flushable, AutoCloseable

    public class DeferredFileOutputStream
    extends ThresholdingOutputStream
    An output stream which will retain data in memory until a specified threshold is reached, and only then commit it to disk. If the stream is closed before the threshold is reached, the data will not be written to disk at all.

    This class originated in FileUpload processing. In this use case, you do not know in advance the size of the file being uploaded. If the file is small you want to store it in memory (for speed), but if the file is large you want to store it to file (to avoid memory issues).

    • Constructor Detail

      • DeferredFileOutputStream

        public DeferredFileOutputStream(int threshold,
                                        File outputFile)
        Constructs an instance of this class which will trigger an event at the specified threshold, and save data to a file beyond that point. The initial buffer size will default to bytes which is ByteArrayOutputStream's default buffer size.
        Parameters:
        threshold - The number of bytes at which to trigger an event.
        outputFile - The file to which data is saved beyond the threshold.
      • DeferredFileOutputStream

        public DeferredFileOutputStream(int threshold,
                                        int initialBufferSize,
                                        File outputFile)
        Constructs an instance of this class which will trigger an event at the specified threshold, and save data to a file beyond that point.
        Parameters:
        threshold - The number of bytes at which to trigger an event.
        initialBufferSize - The initial size of the in memory buffer.
        outputFile - The file to which data is saved beyond the threshold.
        Since:
        2.5
      • DeferredFileOutputStream

        public DeferredFileOutputStream(int threshold,
                                        int initialBufferSize,
                                        String prefix,
                                        String suffix,
                                        File directory)
        Constructs an instance of this class which will trigger an event at the specified threshold, and save data to a temporary file beyond that point.
        Parameters:
        threshold - The number of bytes at which to trigger an event.
        initialBufferSize - The initial size of the in memory buffer.
        prefix - Prefix to use for the temporary file.
        suffix - Suffix to use for the temporary file.
        directory - Temporary file directory.
        Since:
        2.5
      • DeferredFileOutputStream

        public DeferredFileOutputStream(int threshold,
                                        String prefix,
                                        String suffix,
                                        File directory)
        Constructs an instance of this class which will trigger an event at the specified threshold, and save data to a temporary file beyond that point. The initial buffer size will default to 32 bytes which is ByteArrayOutputStream's default buffer size.
        Parameters:
        threshold - The number of bytes at which to trigger an event.
        prefix - Prefix to use for the temporary file.
        suffix - Suffix to use for the temporary file.
        directory - Temporary file directory.
        Since:
        1.4
    • Method Detail

      • getData

        public byte[] getData()
        Returns the data for this output stream as an array of bytes, assuming that the data has been retained in memory. If the data was written to disk, this method returns null.
        Returns:
        The data for this output stream, or null if no such data is available.
      • getFile

        public File getFile()
        Returns either the output file specified in the constructor or the temporary file created or null.

        If the constructor specifying the file is used then it returns that same output file, even when threshold has not been reached.

        If constructor specifying a temporary file prefix/suffix is used then the temporary file created once the threshold is reached is returned If the threshold was not reached then null is returned.

        Returns:
        The file for this output stream, or null if no such file exists.
      • getStream

        protected OutputStream getStream()
                                  throws IOException
        Returns the current output stream. This may be memory based or disk based, depending on the current state with respect to the threshold.
        Overrides:
        getStream in class  ThresholdingOutputStream
        Returns:
        The underlying output stream.
        Throws:
        IOException - if an error occurs.
      • isInMemory

        public boolean isInMemory()
        Determines whether or not the data for this output stream has been retained in memory.
        Returns:
        true if the data is available in memory; false otherwise.
      • thresholdReached

        protected void thresholdReached()
                                 throws IOException
        Switches the underlying output stream from a memory based stream to one that is backed by disk. This is the point at which we realize that too much data is being written to keep in memory, so we elect to switch to disk-based storage.
        Overrides:
        thresholdReached in class  ThresholdingOutputStream
        Throws:
        IOException - if an error occurs.
      • toInputStream

        public InputStream toInputStream()
                                  throws IOException
        Gets the current contents of this byte stream as an InputStream. If the data for this output stream has been retained in memory, the returned stream is backed by buffers of this stream, avoiding memory allocation and copy, thus saving space and time.
        Otherwise, the returned stream will be one that is created from the data that has been committed to disk.
        Returns:
        the current contents of this output stream.
        Throws:
        IOException - if this stream is not yet closed or an error occurs.
        Since:
        2.9.0
        See Also:
        ByteArrayOutputStream.toInputStream()
      • writeTo

        public void writeTo(OutputStream outputStream)
                     throws IOException
        Writes the data from this output stream to the specified output stream, after it has been closed.
        Parameters:
        outputStream - output stream to write to.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if the OutputStream is null.
        IOException - if this stream is not yet closed or an error occurs.

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