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Class Hex

    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      Hex()
      Creates a new codec with the default charset name DEFAULT_CHARSET
      Hex(Charset charset)
      Creates a new codec with the given Charset.
      Hex(String charsetName)
      Creates a new codec with the given charset name.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and TypeMethod and Description
      byte[]decode(byte[] array)
      Converts an array of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      byte[]decode(ByteBuffer buffer)
      Converts a buffer of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      Objectdecode(Object object)
      Converts a String or an array of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      static byte[]decodeHex(char[] data)
      Converts an array of characters representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      static intdecodeHex(char[] data, byte[] out, int outOffset)
      Converts an array of characters representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      static byte[]decodeHex(String data)
      Converts a String representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values.
      byte[]encode(byte[] array)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of bytes for the characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      byte[]encode(ByteBuffer array)
      Converts byte buffer into an array of bytes for the characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      Objectencode(Object object)
      Converts a String or an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static char[]encodeHex(byte[] data)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static char[]encodeHex(byte[] data, boolean toLowerCase)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      protected static char[]encodeHex(byte[] data, char[] toDigits)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static char[]encodeHex(byte[] data, int dataOffset, int dataLen, boolean toLowerCase)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static voidencodeHex(byte[] data, int dataOffset, int dataLen, boolean toLowerCase, char[] out, int outOffset)
      Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static char[]encodeHex(ByteBuffer data)
      Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static char[]encodeHex(ByteBuffer data, boolean toLowerCase)
      Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      protected static char[]encodeHex(ByteBuffer byteBuffer, char[] toDigits)
      Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static StringencodeHexString(byte[] data)
      Converts an array of bytes into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static StringencodeHexString(byte[] data, boolean toLowerCase)
      Converts an array of bytes into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static StringencodeHexString(ByteBuffer data)
      Converts a byte buffer into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      static StringencodeHexString(ByteBuffer data, boolean toLowerCase)
      Converts a byte buffer into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
      CharsetgetCharset()
      Gets the charset.
      StringgetCharsetName()
      Gets the charset name.
      protected static inttoDigit(char ch, int index)
      Converts a hexadecimal character to an integer.
      StringtoString()
      Returns a string representation of the object, which includes the charset name.
    • Constructor Detail

      • Hex

        public Hex()
        Creates a new codec with the default charset name DEFAULT_CHARSET
      • Hex

        public Hex(Charset charset)
        Creates a new codec with the given Charset.
        Parameters:
        charset - the charset.
        Since:
        1.7
      • Hex

        public Hex(String charsetName)
        Creates a new codec with the given charset name.
        Parameters:
        charsetName - the charset name.
        Throws:
        UnsupportedCharsetException - If the named charset is unavailable
        Since:
        1.4, 1.7 throws UnsupportedCharsetException if the named charset is unavailable
    • Method Detail

      • decodeHex

        public static byte[] decodeHex(char[] data)
                                throws DecoderException
        Converts an array of characters representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed char array has an odd number of elements.
        Parameters:
        data - An array of characters containing hexadecimal digits
        Returns:
        A byte array containing binary data decoded from the supplied char array.
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters or illegal characters are supplied
      • decodeHex

        public static int decodeHex(char[] data,
                                    byte[] out,
                                    int outOffset)
                             throws DecoderException
        Converts an array of characters representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed char array has an odd number of elements.
        Parameters:
        data - An array of characters containing hexadecimal digits
        out - A byte array to contain the binary data decoded from the supplied char array.
        outOffset - The position within out to start writing the decoded bytes.
        Returns:
        the number of bytes written to out.
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters or illegal characters are supplied
        Since:
        1.15
      • decodeHex

        public static byte[] decodeHex(String data)
                                throws DecoderException
        Converts a String representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed String, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed String has an odd number of elements.
        Parameters:
        data - A String containing hexadecimal digits
        Returns:
        A byte array containing binary data decoded from the supplied char array.
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters or illegal characters are supplied
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHex

        public static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A char[] containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
      • encodeHex

        public static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data,
                                       boolean toLowerCase)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to Hex characters
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        Returns:
        A char[] containing hexadecimal characters in the selected case
        Since:
        1.4
      • encodeHex

        protected static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data,
                                          char[] toDigits)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        toDigits - the output alphabet (must contain at least 16 chars)
        Returns:
        A char[] containing the appropriate characters from the alphabet For best results, this should be either upper- or lower-case hex.
        Since:
        1.4
      • encodeHex

        public static char[] encodeHex(byte[] data,
                                       int dataOffset,
                                       int dataLen,
                                       boolean toLowerCase)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        dataOffset - the position in data to start encoding from
        dataLen - the number of bytes from dataOffset to encode
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        Returns:
        A char[] containing the appropriate characters from the alphabet For best results, this should be either upper- or lower-case hex.
        Since:
        1.15
      • encodeHex

        public static void encodeHex(byte[] data,
                                     int dataOffset,
                                     int dataLen,
                                     boolean toLowerCase,
                                     char[] out,
                                     int outOffset)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        dataOffset - the position in data to start encoding from
        dataLen - the number of bytes from dataOffset to encode
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        out - a char[] which will hold the resultant appropriate characters from the alphabet.
        outOffset - the position within out at which to start writing the encoded characters.
        Since:
        1.15
      • encodeHex

        public static char[] encodeHex(ByteBuffer data)
        Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        data - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A char[] containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHex

        public static char[] encodeHex(ByteBuffer data,
                                       boolean toLowerCase)
        Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        data - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        Returns:
        A char[] containing hexadecimal characters in the selected case
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHex

        protected static char[] encodeHex(ByteBuffer byteBuffer,
                                          char[] toDigits)
        Converts a byte buffer into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        byteBuffer - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        toDigits - the output alphabet (must be at least 16 characters)
        Returns:
        A char[] containing the appropriate characters from the alphabet For best results, this should be either upper- or lower-case hex.
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHexString

        public static String encodeHexString(byte[] data)
        Converts an array of bytes into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned String will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A String containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.4
      • encodeHexString

        public static String encodeHexString(byte[] data,
                                             boolean toLowerCase)
        Converts an array of bytes into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned String will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.
        Parameters:
        data - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        Returns:
        A String containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHexString

        public static String encodeHexString(ByteBuffer data)
        Converts a byte buffer into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned String will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        data - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A String containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.11
      • encodeHexString

        public static String encodeHexString(ByteBuffer data,
                                             boolean toLowerCase)
        Converts a byte buffer into a String representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned String will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        data - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        toLowerCase - true converts to lowercase, false to uppercase
        Returns:
        A String containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.11
      • toDigit

        protected static int toDigit(char ch,
                                     int index)
                              throws DecoderException
        Converts a hexadecimal character to an integer.
        Parameters:
        ch - A character to convert to an integer digit
        index - The index of the character in the source
        Returns:
        An integer
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if ch is an illegal hex character
      • decode

        public byte[] decode(byte[] array)
                      throws DecoderException
        Converts an array of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed char array has an odd number of elements.
        Specified by:
        decode in interface  BinaryDecoder
        Parameters:
        array - An array of character bytes containing hexadecimal digits
        Returns:
        A byte array containing binary data decoded from the supplied byte array (representing characters).
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters is supplied to this function
        See Also:
        decodeHex(char[])
      • decode

        public byte[] decode(ByteBuffer buffer)
                      throws DecoderException
        Converts a buffer of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed char array has an odd number of elements.

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        buffer - An array of character bytes containing hexadecimal digits
        Returns:
        A byte array containing binary data decoded from the supplied byte array (representing characters).
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters is supplied to this function
        Since:
        1.11
        See Also:
        decodeHex(char[])
      • decode

        public Object decode(Object object)
                      throws DecoderException
        Converts a String or an array of character bytes representing hexadecimal values into an array of bytes of those same values. The returned array will be half the length of the passed String or array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte. An exception is thrown if the passed char array has an odd number of elements.
        Specified by:
        decode in interface  Decoder
        Parameters:
        object - A String, ByteBuffer, byte[], or an array of character bytes containing hexadecimal digits
        Returns:
        A byte array containing binary data decoded from the supplied byte array (representing characters).
        Throws:
        DecoderException - Thrown if an odd number of characters is supplied to this function or the object is not a String or char[]
        See Also:
        decodeHex(char[])
      • encode

        public byte[] encode(byte[] array)
        Converts an array of bytes into an array of bytes for the characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        The conversion from hexadecimal characters to the returned bytes is performed with the charset named by getCharset().

        Specified by:
        encode in interface  BinaryEncoder
        Parameters:
        array - a byte[] to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A byte[] containing the bytes of the lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.7 No longer throws IllegalStateException if the charsetName is invalid.
        See Also:
        encodeHex(byte[])
      • encode

        public byte[] encode(ByteBuffer array)
        Converts byte buffer into an array of bytes for the characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        The conversion from hexadecimal characters to the returned bytes is performed with the charset named by getCharset().

        All bytes identified by Buffer.remaining() will be used; after this method the value remaining() will be zero.

        Parameters:
        array - a byte buffer to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A byte[] containing the bytes of the lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Since:
        1.11
        See Also:
        encodeHex(byte[])
      • encode

        public Object encode(Object object)
                      throws EncoderException
        Converts a String or an array of bytes into an array of characters representing the hexadecimal values of each byte in order. The returned array will be double the length of the passed String or array, as it takes two characters to represent any given byte.

        The conversion from hexadecimal characters to bytes to be encoded to performed with the charset named by getCharset().

        Specified by:
        encode in interface  Encoder
        Parameters:
        object - a String, ByteBuffer, or byte[] to convert to hex characters
        Returns:
        A char[] containing lower-case hexadecimal characters
        Throws:
        EncoderException - Thrown if the given object is not a String or byte[]
        See Also:
        encodeHex(byte[])
      • getCharset

        public Charset getCharset()
        Gets the charset.
        Returns:
        the charset.
        Since:
        1.7
      • getCharsetName

        public String getCharsetName()
        Gets the charset name.
        Returns:
        the charset name.
        Since:
        1.4
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a string representation of the object, which includes the charset name.
        Overrides:
        toString in class  Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of the object.

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